15. Pullman Porter monument inside Back Bay Train Station

Street or Other Address: 105 Dartmouth Street

Nearest Corner: Dartmouth and Columbus Ave

Digital and Degree Coordinates: 42.347300,-71.075900; N42 20.838 W71 04.554

View Pullman Porter Monument. During the 1920s and 1930s, Randolph was a pioneering black labor leader who led the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters. He came to be considered the "father of the modern civil rights movement" as a result of his efforts to desegregate World War II defense jobs and the military services.

Randolph's importance as a militant leader is highlighted by a quote inscribed on the base of the statue which reads, in part: "Freedom is never granted; it is won. Justice is never given; it is exacted."

On October 8, 1988, a group of retired Pullman car porters and dining car waiters gathered in Boston's Back Bay Station for the unveiling of a larger-than-life statue of A. Philip Randolph. Their contributions to the railroad industry and to the black community were acknowledged at the unveiling ceremony by a number of speakers, including State Representative Byron Rushing who was instrumental in securing funding for the statue. Any understanding of the evolution of black urban politics must consider Randolph’s enormous influence. Statue of Randolph by artist Tina Allen.